The ultimate guide to fly fishing in Extremadura: species, seasons, licenses, regulations, and much more.

If you enjoy fly fishing for large predators and barbel, Extremadura is your destination. In Extremadura, you can fly fish in beautiful reservoirs such as Orellana or La Serena, surrounded by a picturesque landscape of dehesa.

Our fly fishing trips in Extremadura

Fly Fishing Central System - Gredos


Fly Fishing Central System - Gredos




Extremadura stands out as Spain’s premier destination for fly fishing, particularly for large predators such as pike, zander, black bass, and even catfish. It is arguably considered the best location in Europe for black bass and undeniably one of the most prominent for pursuing large pike. Additionally, fly fishing enthusiasts can also target various species of barbel and trout in small streams on the southern face of the Sierra de Gredos.

This region is characterized by mild winters, pleasant springs and autumns, and the absence of fishing pressure, preserving its pristine nature and wildlife. Far removed from civilization, Extremadura offers expansive and well-preserved fishing areas.

In the 1950s and 1960s, reservoirs such as Orellana, Cíjara, La Serena, Gabriel y Galán, and Alcántara were constructed. These hydroelectric and water regulation projects were aimed at ensuring water supply for agriculture and power generation. However, they also transformed into a paradise for anglers from around the world.

But Extremadura is much more than just fishing; it is a complete experience that spans from its rich historical heritage in medieval cities like Cáceres and Trujillo to its stunning natural landscapes in the Monfragüe National Park and the Sierra de Gata. Extremaduran gastronomy, featuring delights such as Iberian ham and gazpacho, will delight your senses, and the warm hospitality of the locals will make you feel at home as you explore this hidden gem of Spain. Don’t wait any longer to visit Extremadura and discover its beauty, excellent fly fishing, and authenticity!

Fly fishing in Spain - Completed Guide


The primary species of interest for fly fishing in the Autonomous Community of Extremadura include:

  • Brown Trout: In the northern province of Cáceres, on the southern face of Gredos, rivers and streams like Jerte or Garganta de Jarandilla de la Vera host populations of wild brown trout well-adapted to the rivers’ low water levels in summer. While not large in size, catching these trout is highly enjoyable. These trout belong to lineages native to the Tajo River basin, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Pike: Pike, characterized by a distinctive wide and flat mouth resembling a duck’s bill with strong teeth, is a sedentary and territorial fish, mainly found in reservoirs. Originally from North America and Eurasia, it was introduced to the Iberian Peninsula for sport fishing and has thrived in Extremadura, attracting anglers from across Europe. Reservoirs like La Serena, García de Sola, Zújar, Orellana, Cijara, Alcántara, and Valdecañas are famous for hosting impressive pike, especially in Orellana. La Serena is also noteworthy, with high-quality pike and the possibility of capturing specimens weighing over 10 kilograms, thanks to the abundance of forage fish in its waters.
  • Black Bass: Extremadura stands out as the top destination for Black Bass fishing in Europe. Also known as the American perch, this fish is highly prized for its size and voracity. Introduced to Spain in 1955 as an exotic species, in Extremadura, especially in Badajoz, you’ll find numerous opportunities for Black Bass fishing in locations like Alqueva Reservoir, about 20 km from Mérida, Alangue Reservoir, and Proserpina Reservoir, near Mérida. Additionally, García Sola Reservoir is known for its record Black Bass catches in Badajoz.
  • Pikeperch: Pikeperch, also known as zander, is a freshwater fish combining characteristics of pike and perch. Found in Alcántara and Valdecañas reservoirs, it can reach lengths of 1.2 meters. Introduced illegally more than 20 years ago, it has established thriving populations in these reservoirs, and efforts to repopulate other lakes like Cíjara and García de Sola have resulted in specimens exceeding 90 cm. For a large number of catches, Orellana is the go-to location.
  • Catfish: Catfish, or siluro, can grow over 3 meters long and weigh more than 100 kilograms. Introduced as an invasive species in Spain in 1974 in the Mar de Aragón, it reached Extremadura in the 1990s. Siluro populations are expanding illegally in Extremadura’s rivers and lakes due to the lack of awareness among some anglers. Prime locations for catfish fishing in Extremadura include the Tajo River, La Serena Reservoir, Alcántara Reservoir, and Almendralejo Reservoir. The largest specimens, exceeding 2 meters in length, are found in the Alcántara Reservoir.
  • Barbel and Carp: In Extremadura, especially in reservoirs like Cíjara, Orellana, and La Serena, you can enjoy thrilling fly fishing for barbel using dry fly imitations of terrestrial insects. Main species include common barbel, gitano, and comizo. Barbel fishing is remarkable for the possibility of sight fishing, using dry flies, and their spectacular fights. In some reservoirs, conditions also allow for carp fishing with dry fly imitations.


In Extremadura, fishing is allowed throughout the year except in waters inhabited by trout. In these rivers and lakes, the fishing season is as follows:

  • Season runs from the third Sunday in March to June 30. Fishing days: Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday, Sunday, and national or regional holidays.

In the following table, we have summarized in a schematic way which are the best months for fly fishing for each species:

Fly fishing in Spain - Completed Guide


To familiarize yourself with the fly fishing regulations in Extremadura, it is necessary to refer to the General Order of Closed Seasons of the Autonomous Community of Extremadura. This document can be accessed through the following link: EXTREMADURA FISHING REGULATIONS


The Extremadura Fishing License is a permit issued by the Junta de Extremadura that allows you to engage in fly fishing in some of the inland waters of this autonomous community. Its validity can range from one to five years, depending on the applicant’s preference.

In certain waters, only a fishing license is required (known as free stretches or catch-and-release free stretches), but in others, in addition to the fishing license, it is necessary to obtain a daily fishing permit complementary to the license (known as fishing preserves).

The Extremadura fishing license costs only €5 per year (with a maximum of €25 for 5 years). If you are retired or a minor living in Extremadura, the license is free, but this applies only to residents, not tourists.

There are more affordable licenses available if you are affiliated with a fishing federation, female, under 30 years old, or have a disability.

In general, the procedure for obtaining a fishing license for a French angler is as follows:

Autonomous license without discount: Submit the application and processed and paid model 050 through the same means.

To process model 050, visit the link and follow the indicated steps.

Subsequently, the license will be sent to your home. The processing time may vary, but it generally takes between 7 and 15 business days.


In Extremadura, there are numerous fishing guide companies; however, there are very few guides specifically specialized in fly fishing.